Galvin Library Website Outages

The main campus at Illinois Institute of Technology is currently experiencing power outages that may affect intermittently affect multiple websites, including the Galvin Library website.

You can still access the library catalog and find library guides online if the website itself is down.

If you have a question, the library phones are still working so you can call the main campus library for help at 312.567.3616

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Update from the 2014 CALI Conference

You probably have heard of CALI Lessons and CALI Awards.  But CALI does a lot more than hand out certificates to students with the best grades.  For example, CALI’s eLangdell project offers free law school textbooks as an alternative to expensive casebooks.  CALI also works with Chicago-Kent’s Access to Justice  to help develop the project software.

In addition to these projects, CALI also hosts an annual law school technology conference.  Last year, the conference was held at Chicago-Kent.  This year, Harvard Law School was the host.

At the conference, presenters discussed everything from cutting-edge tech hacks to using technology in the classroom.  Be sure to view the sessions by Chicago-Kent staff on the Access to Justice clinical project and the latest updates from Oyez.

Our librarians were also featured speakers.  Emily Barney talked about creating student organization websites; she and Debbie Ginsberg presented tips and tricks for Gmail and Google Drive.

The sessions will soon be available to view on CALI’s YouTube channel.

Next year’s conference will be in Denver.  But you don’t have to travel that far to get the latest updates in legal technology.  The ABA Techshow will be held in Chicago on April 16-18, 2015. Be sure to check the show’s website for heavily-discounted student rates!

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Remembering June 28th

Not cool, Apple.  Not cool.

Not cool, Apple. Not cool.

June 28, 2014 marks the centenary of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife Sophie in Sarajevo.  It’s a wild story, but the date is most important to me right now as a chance to reflect on the war that it, put simply, started.  There are so many interesting anniversary celebrations going on around the world.  The New York Times offered a guide to commemorative events and it breaks my heart.  For example, I would love to fly to Sarajevo for the Vienna Philharmonic’s memorial concert on Saturday.  I’m dying to go to Paris to see the photography exhibit installed at the Paris Luxembourg Gardens of 79 photographs of WWI battlefields which still show the scars of the war.

Unfortunately, I do not have the vacation time or the money to spend the rest of the year in Europe.  This leaves me with far fewer options for commemoration.  I contacted the Philharmonic only to learn that it will not broadcast the Sarajevo concert here in the US.  I’m hoping it winds up on YouTube.  Although it doesn’t have the same visceral impact as being there in person, there are quite a few exhibits available to view online.  For example, I am looking forward to reading what people write in the “Letters to an Unknown Soldier” project.  British citizens and luminaries (actor Stephen Fry is listed) were invited to write a letter to the statue of an unknown WWI-era soldier in Paddington Station in London.  They will start publishing the letters on June 28th.  That exhibit of photographs in the Luxembourg Gardens is online as well.

The online access is great and something that wasn’t there for, say, the 50th anniversary of the war.  But it still leaves me wanting some personal connection.  The “Great War” wasn’t always so far from our collective American memory.  Sports fans don’t need to look far for reminders.  Memorial Stadium in Champaign on the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is a memorial to University students and alumni who died in World War I.  The names of those lost in WWI are carved in the 200 columns that support the east and west sides of the stadium.  Soldier Field, home of the Bears, was originally conceived as a WWI memorial.  It is now a memorial to soldiers of all wars.

But compared to this weekend’s events in Europe, we come up lacking here in the US.  The New York Times listing gives a couple of events in NYC this year, one in Boston, and an exhibit of war posters in California.  I don’t see a specific event for June 28th.  Even our technology is conspiring to keep us from commemorating the war.  When my dad sent me an email from his iPad, it kept autocorrecting “WWI” to “WWII.”  Shame on you, autocorrect!

What’s my suggestion?  This Saturday, take a moment to remember the Great War.  If you’re inclined to poetry, read Wilfred Owen’s Dulce et Decorum Est.  If you’ve got a passion for technology, type “WWI” into your phone or tablet over and over and reject the change to “WWII” until it sticks.  If you’re a sports fan, find out if your team’s stadium is a WWI memorial.  My hope is that we will see more commemoration here in the US in 2017 as we mark the 100th anniversary of the year that the US entered WWI.  We should all find a way to mark this anniversary because it’s worth remembering.

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Research Librarian Clare Willis’s WWI Project

Scenes of German soldiers enlisting and leaving for Paris.  These pictures come from The First World War: A photographic history edited by Laurence Stallings.  This 1933 book is part of our library's collection.  I hope to share many more pictures this year.

Scenes of German soldiers enlisting and leaving for Paris. These pictures come from The First World War: A photographic history edited by Laurence Stallings. This 1933 book is part of our library’s collection. I hope to share many more pictures this year.

2014 is the 100th anniversary of the year that the Great War/World War I/the War to End All Wars started.  To mark that anniversary, I am spending this entire year reading about nothing but World War I.  I’m alternating fiction and non-fiction.  Let me take a minute to try and explain why I’m doing this.  First, I have always been interested in the war.  I remember asking my European History teacher in high school to explain again and again why the war started.  I never got it.  I’m a person who likes to get things, so this has always bothered me.  That’s the first reason: a desire to understand something that I don’t understand.  What I’ve discovered so far is that nobody really understands the war.  The consensus seems to be that it didn’t have to happen.  This brings me to my second reason for undertaking this project.

Second, I like bummer books.  I’m a generally cheerful person, but I read the most depressing books possible.  A year of reading about young, idealistic people dying for no reason sounded like a great way to pass the time.

Third, I’ve been interested in undertaking some kind of reading challenge.  My father has read and continues to read all of the Pulitzer Prize winners for fiction (or novel, as they used to call it).  He’s piecing his way through the National Book Award now.  Like father, like daughter, I am trying to read within one theme too.  I’ve gotten some of the suggested books from him, and I’ve suggested a few for him too.  It’s something fun I can share with my dad.

I think those are the basic reasons.  I would like to share some of the things I discover and find interesting in this blog.  I plan to start in earnest on June 28th.  Anyone?  Anyone?  The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary in Sarajevo, the event that triggered the start of the war.  More about that later.

In the meantime, here’s a list of the books I’ve read so far.  Incidentally, one of these came from our collection here in the library.  I will also share more about the books in our collection as I work through this year.  Without further ado:

One of Ours by Willa Cather

The Guns of August by Barbara Tuchman

A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway

We Did Not Fight: 1914-1918 experiences of war resisters edited by Julian Bell (this came from our collection)

Three Soldiers by John Dos Passos

The First World War by John Keegan (currently reading)

Please feel free to leave a comment with your suggestion for a favorite WWI book.  You can play along at home.  And, unlike WWI, we really will be done by Christmas.

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Citing to Bloomberg Law, Lexis Advance, and WestlawNext Using ALWD & Bluebook

A recurring issue we’ve seen at the reference desk is a student who wants to use ALWD or the Bluebook to cite to a resource located in Bloomberg Law (BLaw), Lexis Advance (LA) or WestlawNext (WLN).  The reason this has become a problem is that the current editions of ALWD and Bluebook predate those three services, so there are no examples in the citation guides for BLaw, LA, or WLN, and the existing examples for LexisNexis and Westlaw Classic do not translate to the new databases.

Generally, ALWD covers citations to legal databases in chapter 39 (“Westlaw and LexisNexis”) while Bluebook covers the same in Rule 18.3 (“Commercial Electronic Databases”).  However, these rules use citation elements that no longer exist in the new databases, such as a LexisNexis “library name,” or a Westlaw Classic “database identifier.” How can we translate the ALWD and Bluebook citations to cover the new databases?

For example, Rule 15.9 of the Bluebook illustrates a citation to a handbook available on Westlaw by citing to the Westlaw database identifier for the book, “LDCHBK”:

Abbey G. Hairston, Leave and Disability Coordination Handbook ¶ 110 (2009), available at Westlaw LDCHBK.

The database indentifier “LDCHBK” does not appear in WestlawNext (strictly speaking, “LDCHBK” can be used in the WLN search box to locate the handbook, but if one pulls up the handbook that way, there is no indication that it has a database identifier).  If one wishes to identify the handbook on WLN, we need a replacement.

The first rule of thumb when creating a “new” citation is to provide enough information so that a reader can herself locate the cited source.  In this case, a possible workaround would be to use WLN’s “trail” that appears above the handbook’s title on the screen.  Here, the trail is “Home > Secondary Sources > Labor & Employment Secondary Sources > Labor & Employment Texts & Treatises.”  We can take the most specific “location” for the handbook in WLN, which will always be the last place in the trail, Labor & Employment Texts & Treatises, and use that in the citation:

Abbey G. Hairston, Leave and Disability Coordination Handbook ¶ 110 (2009), available at WestlawNext Labor & Employment Texts & Treatises.

This is bulky when compared with a six-letter database identifier, but it’s less bulky than using WLN’s URL (URLs are problematic for other reasons too: in LA, for instance, there is no deep-linking, so a URL will not get a user to the cited source; in BLaw, direct URLs work only if the user is already signed in to BLaw).

This trail method will not work for LA, which uses tabs.  Rather, to cite to a source available in the LA database, one can use a method derived from the Bluebook for a source that requires a query:

American College of Trial Lawyers, ACTL Mass Tort Litigation Manual § 7.04 (2006), available at Lexis Advance (follow “Browse Sources hyperlink; then “Search Sources” for “ACTL Mass Tort Litigation Manual”; then follow “View Table of Contents” hyperlink).

The citation is quite bulky, so if it will be cited multiple times, I would recommend adding “(hereinafter “ACTL Manual”)” at the end of the citation.

BLaw does not use a trail method either, so citing to a treatise on Bloomberg Law would be like the LA example, for instance:

American Bar Association, Bankruptcy Business Essentials § 1.1 (2009), available at Bloomberg Law (follow “Practice Centers” tab; then follow “Bankruptcy” hyperlink; then follow “Books & Treatises” hyperlink; then follow “Bankruptcy Business Essentials” hyperlink) (hereinafter “BBE”).

Remember that you won’t always find an example that fits the item to which you’re trying to cite and the source from which you obtained it.  BluebookALWD have enough examples, however, that you can find something similar or combine elements of two different examples, and get an acceptable citation that gets the job done.  If you want advice or you’re worried about a citation you invented, feel free to visit us at the reference desk.  Also, keep in mind that among our Library Guides, we have created a guide to using the Bluebook, which might be helpful if you’ve only used ALWD up to this point.

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Law Day, U.S.A.

May 1 to be Law Day

Have you recently dedicated yourself to the ideals of equality and justice under law?  If not, there is no time like the present.  Today is a day for those of us in the legal profession to join citizens across the country in celebrating the rule of law.  In other words, Happy Law Day, U.S.A.!

Riding a wave of patriotism* on February 5, 1958, President Eisenhower issued a proclamation declaring May 1 “Law Day.”  The President urged citizens to “remember with pride and vigilantly guard the great heritage of liberty, justice and equality under law.” The American Bar Association coordinated with state and regional associations across the nation to create educational opportunities and celebrations for the role that law played in creating our democratic way of life.

On April 7, 1961, President Kennedy signed Public Law 87-20, making permanent the observance of Law Day on May 1st of each year, a statute later codified at 36 U.S.C. 113.   On Law Day in 1961, 100,000 celebrations took place throughout the country.

The theme of this year’s Law Day is “American Democracy and the Rule of Law: Why Every Vote Matters.”  The ABA has dedicated a page on its website to Law Day 2014, and there is a helpful planning guide for educators that includes resources to help their students learn about Law Day.

*and anti-Communism — the date May 1 was chosen in part to suppress the socialists’ celebration of May Day.
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Creating visual outlines – mind mapping and flow charts

Are you looking for a visual edge to help you study for finals? Mind maps and flowcharts can be great supplements for your text outlines. Check the video above to learn a little more about how these tools works.

Need some examples?

The blog “Law School Matt” has some interesting examples of mind maps and flow charts.

Questions?  Contact Debbie Ginsberg.

Free tools to get you started

Freemind, PC & Mac.  A powerful open-source tools, but not quite as intuitive as some of the other tools.  Note that some Mac users have reported problems with it., works in your browser. Create mind maps and share them with others.  Note the free version is limited to three maps.  The paid version is $6/month.  Example.

Lucid Chart, works in your browser.  Create mind maps and flow charts and share them with anyone. Note that in the free version, you are limited to 60 elements.  The free version also does not include mind mapping tools. However, as a student, you can request an education account that includes all premium features.  Example.

MindJet, iPad.  Tablets are great tools for creating mind maps.

Need more features?

Inspiration, PC & Mac. Create colorful mind maps, outlines, and diagrams. You can try it free for 30 days.  The academic price is about $30.

MindManager, PC & Mac.  One of the most powerful – and easy to use — mind mapping tools, but it’s also expensive. You can try it free for 30 days.  The academic price is about $150.

You can find academic discounts at sites like Creation Engine.

iThoughts HD, iPad.  A versatile and powerful mind-mapping tool that can export files to a variety of formats ($10).

Creating mind maps from a Word text outline

Some tools will let you import your text outlines and turn them into mind maps. For example, you can import Word files into MindManager and RTFs (a kind of a generic file) into Inspiration.

Before you can import your file, however, you will first need to change your outline’s format so that it uses headings.  In Word, look for this this tool to change your outline type:

Multilevel lists


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Events: Tech Tips for Students

My January Calendar

Be sure to mark your calendar for our tech tips! We can’t help you defeat robot Lex Luthor, but we can help with normal student challenges. Thanks to Pedro Vezini for the photo

The Library’s Tech Group, working with the SBA Tech Committee, has set up a series of 15 minute weekly presentations for the rest of this semester, scheduled for 3:00 on Wednesdays in room 305. We’re happy to answer questions, too, and will have cookies!

Our goal is to help give you tools that will make your life easier as a student, but be useful for you in the future in your legal career as well.

March 26: Doing more with PDFs

From apps to advanced settings, learn about your options and tools you might want to try. We’ll show apps for iOS, Android, and Windows devices as well as the software you may already have on your computer or free alternatives.

Bonus: learn about features of pdf documents that legal professionals use regularly. For instance, do you know what OCR stands for? How to redact pdfs securely? We’ll show you!

April 2: Email Management

Learn about Gmail’s advanced searching, automatic filtering, and more settings that make your email work the way you need. There are a lot of customizations available: we’ll show you the ones that save the most time.

April 9: Note taking tools

We’ll show you how to access your notes from any device, keep them organized, even set them up to allow for collaboration if you like.

April 16: Backup your documents

As it gets closer to exams, learn how you can have more peace of mind with simple backup tools that will give you easy access to your documents online. We’ll cover
“cloud tools” from Google Drive to Dropbox and more, as well as software options and security settings.

April 23: Mindmapping for exams

If you’ve been building a traditional outline for your classes, consider how creating a visual outline may help you review your existing content and/or create a more memorable format to study from.

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Students: Legal Tech Conferences Coming Up!

Have you ever considered attending a local legal tech conference? You don’t have to be an “early adopter,” eager to try out the latest gadgets and apps, to find these conferences valuable.

Learning about new tools being used in the field and the issues new technologies are  bringing to legal practice can give you a leg up as you start your job search. Plus, local conferences are great networking opportunities too.

In Chicago: ABA Tech Show

aba-techshow-2014Every year our Library Tech Group attends the ABA Tech Show at the Hilton Chicago in the spring (March 27-29 this year) to check out the latest developments in legal technology available for practicing lawyers.The three day conference includes 7 concurrent tracks covering topics from ediscovery to social media, ipads to practice management.

Student registration for the conference itself costs $100 for the full conference (a 3 day event) or you can sign in for an expo pass only to attend the exhibit hall for free. The exhibit hall is packed with vendors displaying new apps used in the courtroom, research tools, virtual office options, and a wide variety of other technologies and services.

If you’re interested in attending the ABA Tech Show in any form, be sure to check out their “First Time Experience Guide” with lots of tips about all the activities going on around the conference and more ways you can check out their activities and tune into the online conversation.

See slides from our 15 minute “tech tip” session on this topic for Students here:

Conferences available online

There are multiple legal conferences around the US each year and many offer online access to the conference materials through their websites or YouTube channels:

virtual-legal-techLegalTech is offered in New York and the west coast, but this year you can attend many sessions online through Virtual LegalTech, available “On Demand” at any time as webinar sessions where you can view slides, listen to the presentations, and download handouts. Here are just a few of the available session titles:

  • Ethics for Lawyers in a World of the Internet, Social Media, & e-Evidence
  • Law Firm Security: Minding the Gaps
  • The Mobile Law Practice: Finding a Middle Ground between Security and Accessibility

CALI-Conference-2014Last year, CALI’s annual Conference for Law School Computing was hosted here at Chicago-Kent. Unlike the ABA Tech Show, the CALI conference is aimed at law schools, not practicing attorneys. Many sessions cover teaching ideas, school infrastructure, and innovative ways to use technology to assist in the goals of legal education.

This year the CALI conference is scheduled for June 19-21 and will be hosted by Harvard Law School. But you can still view all of last year’s presentations on their YouTube channel (be sure to subscribe to see new videos from this year’s conference too when they’re posted). Here are a few examples you may enjoy:

Chicago-Kent Library staff also presented several sessions last year:


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Fun With Government Documents, Part Two: Worst Quotes From the Financial Crisis

The "Library"In the second installment in our foray into amusing and amazing government documents, let’s look at two of the more jaw-dropping quotes from the months surrounding the financial crisis. The first is detailed in a series of 2010 hearings held by the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations.

“Ratings agencies continue to create and (sic) even bigger monster “the CDO (collateralized debt obligations) market. Let’s hope we are all wealthy and retired by the time this house of cards falters ;o”

That quote (winking emoticon in original) is from an internal Standard and Poor’s email from December 2006, Exhibit 27 on page 124 of the exhibits file [large PDF] from the subcommittee’s April 23, 2010 hearing, and also appears at footnote 8 of the SEC’s Summary Report of Issues Identified in the Commission Staff’s Examinations of Select Credit Ratings Agencies [PDF].

In his opening remarks, Subcommittee Chairman Carl Levin said that the documents showed that credit rating agencies had violated the public’s trust in the months and years prior to the financial meltdown:

“We used as case histories the two biggest credit rating agencies in the United States, Moody’s and Standard & Poor’s, and the ratings they gave to the key financial instruments that fueled the financial crisis: residential mortgage backed securities, or RMBS, and collateralized debt obligations, or CDOs. The Subcommittee investigation found that those credit rating agencies allowed Wall Street to impact their analysis, their independence, and their reputation for reliability. And they did it for the money.”


Not to be outdone….

“More and more leverage in the system, l’edifice entier risqué de s’effondrer a tout moment {trans. – the whole structure about to collapse at any moment}… Seul survivant potentiel {trans. – Only potential survivor}, the fabulous Fab (as Mitch would kindly call me, even though there The "Library"is nothing fabulous abt me, just kindness, altruism and <redacted>), standing in the middle of all these complex, highly leveraged, exotic trades he created without necessarily understanding all of the implications of those monstruosities (sic) !!! Anyway, not feeling too guilty about this, the real purpose of my job is to make capital markets more efficient and ultimately provide the US consumer with more efficient ways to leverage and finance himself, so there is a humble, noble and ethical reason for my job ;) amazing how good I am in convincing myself !!!”

That was Fabricio “Fabulous Fab” Tourre of Goldman Sachs, as quoted in Exhibit 62, page 267 of the same exhibits file (winking emoticon again in original), and also in the Securities and Exchange Commission complaint [PDF] alleging that Goldman committed securities fraud by misleading investors in early 2007, in violation of the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

On August 1, 2013, Tourre was found liable for fraud on six of the seven charges brought by the SEC. The case is SEC v. Tourre, U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York, No. 10-03229. Background information on the case is available on the SEC website.

Photos by Quinn Dombrowski, sculpture on display at the University of Chicago in 2010

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